2021 SSSI Monitoring

2021 SSSI monitoring required!

Any help gratefully received.

Surveys & forms available for download, see left for details.

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Operations requiring Natural England's consent

Formerly known as Operations Likely to Damage the special interest. (And before that Potentially Damaging Operations.)

Before any of these operations are undertaken the owner or occupier must consult Natural England and may require our consent. It is usually possible to carry out many of these operations in certain ways or at specific times of year, or on certain parts of the SSSI, without damaging the features of interest. The Natural England Conservation Officer for the SSSI can provide advice and, where appropriate, issue a consent.

In certain circumstances it will not be possible to consent to these operations, because they would damage the features of interest. Where possible the Conservation Officer will suggest alternatives which would enable a consent to be issued. To proceed without Natural England's consent may constitute an offence. If consent is refused, or if conditions are attached to it which are unacceptable to the owner or occupier, they may appeal to the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

Ref. No. Type of Operation

  1. Cultivation, including ploughing, rotovating, harrowing, and re-seeding.
  2. Grazing and changes in the grazing regime (including type of stock, intensity or seasonal pattern of grazing and cessation of grazing).
  3. Stock feeding and changes in stock feeding practice.
  4. Mowing or other methods of cutting and changes in the mowing or cutting regime (including hay making to silage and cessation).
  5. Application of manure, fertilisers and lime.
  6. Application of pesticides, including herbicides (weedkillers).
  7. Dumping, spreading or discharge of any materials.
  8. Burning.
  9. The release into the site of any wild, feral or domestic animalnote 1, plant or seed.
  10. The killing or removal of any wild animalnote 1, other than pest control.
  11. The destruction, displacement, removal or cutting of any plant or plant remains, including tree, shrub, herb, hedge, dead or decaying wood, moss, lichen, fungus, leaf-mould and turf.
  12. Tree and woodland management+ and changes in tree and woodland management.note 2
    1. Drainage (including moor-griping and the use of mole, tile, tunnel or other artificial drains).
    2. Modification of the structure of watercourses (eg rivers, streams, springs, ditches, drains), including their banks and beds, as by re-alignment, re-grading and dredging.
    3. Management of aquatic and bank vegetation for drainage purposes.
  13. The changing of water levels and tables and water utilisation (including irrigation, storage and abstraction from existing water bodies and through boreholes).
  14. Infilling of ditches, drains, ponds, pools or marshes.
    1. Freshwater fishery production and management, and changes in freshwater fishery production and management, including sporting fishing and angling.
    2. Coastal fishing, fisheries management and seafood or marine life collection, including the use of traps or fish cages, and alterations to coastal fishing practice or fisheries management and seafood or marine life collection.
  15. Reclamation of land from sea, estuary or marsh.
  16. Bait digging in intertidal areas.
  17. Erection and repair of sea defences or coast protection works, including cliff or landslip drainage or stabilisation measures.
  18. Extraction of minerals, including limestone, vein minerals, shingle, sand and gravel, topsoil, subsoil, and spoil.
  19. Construction, removal or destruction of roads, tracks, walls, fences, hardstands, banks, ditches or other earthworks, or the laying, maintenance or removal of pipelines and cables, above or below ground. note 3
  20. Storage of materials against rock outcrops, in mines or caves, or against their entrances; or on vegetation of interest. note 3
  21. Erection of permanent or temporary structures, or the undertaking of engineering works, including drilling. note 3
  22. Modification of natural or man-made features, including cave or mine entrances, clearance of boulders, large stones, loose rock, spoil heaps, or scree and battering, buttressing, grading or seeding valley profiles, spoil heaps or infilling of caves, mines, sink holes and pits. note 3
  23. Removal of geological specimens, including rock samples, minerals, fossils and cave sediments.note 3
  24. Use of vehicles or craft likely to damage or disturb features of interest.
  25. Recreational or other activities likely to damage features of interest.
  26. Game and waterfowl management and hunting practice, and changes in game and waterfowl management and hunting practice.



  1. Animal includes any mammal, reptile, amphibian, bird, fish or invertebrate.
  2. Including afforestation, planting, clear and selective felling, thinning, coppicing, modification of the stand or underwood, changes in species composition, cessation of management.
  3. We are trying to get clarification of these items as applicable to some practical caving situations.